Early antenatal ultrasound scans are done to assess the number, site and viability of the foetus. Taking folic acid before and early pregnancy has been shown to reduce neural tube defects
Between 11-14 weeks, First trimester screening for Down syndrome can be done. It screens about 90 % of trisomy 21 (Down Syndrome). A newer test, Non invasive prenatal test which uses cell free fetal DNA to test for chromosomes can be done after 10 weeks. The test can be as accurate as 99% for Trisomy 13,18, 21 and sex chromosomes. It is becoming more popular as the test requires only blood test from the mother. The results are available with 10-14 days.
During the antenatal visits, we, the obstetricians will discuss with you the plan for the delivery. Most cases, normal vaginal deliveries are planned but there are some patients who will require Caesarean section or even early delivery.